Cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases ever caused to an individual which disrupts him/her physically, mentally as well as emotionally. There are a number of treatment methods of cancer, all of which have their own pros and cons. Cancer in women has become very common these days. Cancer treatment in women takes a big toll on their overall health including their ability to ovulate.
According to the best cancer doctor in India, cancer, as well as its treatment, could sometimes affect the ability of a woman to conceive children. Different treatments involved in cancer have a chance of affecting the fertility of women in different ways.
Following gives an idea about how the treatment of cancer can affect fertility in women
All the drugs involved in the treatment of cancer using chemotherapy carry with them the highest risk of affecting the fertility by the way of damaging the eggs. The intensity of the risk also depends upon the age of the woman, the type of chemo drug administered to her as well as the dosage of such drug.
- Targeted therapy:
According to the best cancer doctor in India, a targeted therapy such as Bevacizumab has the highest risk of affecting the ability of a woman to bear a child. This kind of targeted therapy causes a permanent ovarian failure.
- Bone marrow or stem cell transplant:
This process is associated with the high pre-transplant doses of chemo throughout the body and therefore this process stops the ovaries from releasing the eggs permanently.
- Radiation therapy:
Another treatment option, radiation therapy scars the uterus and damages the pituitary gland which otherwise signals the ovaries to release the eggs. High doses of radiation to the pelvis or abdomen can destroy some or all the eggs in the ovaries of a woman and can cause infertility.
Surgery during the treatment of cancer involves the whole removal of the important reproductive organs like uterus and ovaries. This process causes permanent infertility in women. However, if cancer has been detected and treated in the early stage of cancer, the uterus can be saved which could make pregnancy a possible affair.
- Hormone therapy:
The best cancer doctor in India suggests that various therapies that are used to treat breast cancer or cancer of any other type can also affect the ability of a woman to have a child. Women taking tamoxifen could get pregnant; however, this process also causes various birth defects. Other hormone therapies involved in the treatment of cancer may prevent the process of ovulation completely as a woman is put into temporary menopause.
Apart from all these treatments, the effect of some other treatments on pregnancy as well as fertility is not yet known. Thus, it is always suggested to talk to the best cancer doctor in India and to know about all the side-effects these cancer treatments can pose on your infertility. Medical science is carrying out a number of experiments and doing research to make sure that it could invent new treatments of cancer which cause less harm to the process of infertility in women.